Susan Cain: The Power of Introverts

In a culture where being social and outgoing are prized above all else, it can be difficult, even shameful, to be an introvert. But, as Susan Cain argues in this passionate talk, introverts bring extraordinary talents and abilities to the world, and should be encouraged and celebrated.

Video by TED. TEDTalks is a daily video podcast of the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes.

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Books to Read :: Es kam ein Stern aus Babylon

taz.de 24.04.2012. Rezension von Najem Wali.

Aufklärung. Mit “Platon in Bagdad” hat der amerikanische Autor John Freely eine aufregende Kulturgeschichte verfasst, die mit eurozentrischen Vorurteilen bricht. In seinem Buch erzählt er, wie das Wissen der Antike von Bagdad aus in die arabisch-islamische Wissenschaftnach Europa zurückkehrte

John Freely: “Platon in Bagdad. Wie das Wissen der Antike nach Europa kam”. Aus dem Englischen von Ina Pfitzner. Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 2012, 388 Seiten, 24,95 Euro

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Dracula

Carmilla was, bafflingly, left out of the Guardian’s Top 10 Vampires for kids. Dracula is number one. The author apologises for being obvious. Well, geez louise. Frankly, I’d much rather the kids read Carmilla then Dracula.

Because? Because Dracula is a colonialist, sexist, xenophobic, imperialist, racist, misogynist, sadistic, … errmm, Un-Book. Dracula is a nasty piece of invasion literature. Even GradeSaver says so.

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Says requireshate

Likely he never thought “women’s only place is on the pedestal,” yet that’s where his female characters generally end up

in a delightful post about Tolkien; but the same goes for Stoker — bleeding and bitten to pieces, heads cut off and stakes driven through their hearts — yet these women go on smiling saintly and bravely. The battle between good and evil hinges upon their sexual mores, bless their hearts. Dracula’s sexuality seems unhinged — to say the least — but surely the xenophobic and misogynist reaction of the British boys — the sadistic pleasure in the description of Lucy being deeply penetrated by a stake through the heart, for example — is far more frightening.

Aforementioned penetration comes, fittingly, from Lucy’s cornuto fiancé, Arthur Holmwood: Lucy is being punished not so much for being a vampire, but rather for being available to the vampire’s seduction—Dracula, we recall, only has the power to attack willing victims. When Holmwood slays the demonic Lucy, he returns her to the role of a legitimate, monogamous lover, which reinvests his fiancée with her initial Victorian virtue.

Want to read:

  • A Vampire in the Mirror: The Sexuality of Dracula by John Allen Stevenson. MLAA 103, No. 2 (Mar., 1988), pp. 139-149. JSTOR
  • A Feminist Introduction to Romanticism by Elizabeth A. Fay. Wiley-Blackwell, 1991.
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  • Vampyres: Lord Byron to Count Dracula by Christopher Frayling et al. Faber & Faber, 1992. Reviews on Goodreads. Vampire literature is an amazingly varied genre of writing, providing elements of everything from the penny dreadful horrors to powerful doses of myth and eroticism. Because it contains its own mythology and its own …
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  • Bram Stoker’s Dracula (Bloom’s Modern Critical Interpretations) by Harold Bloom. 2003.
  • Dracula Wiki: The Mythic Text(s) of Dracula: Reproducing the Aura. A Reading Guide to Bram Stoker’s Dracula.
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    Chiens écrasés

    • ❤ Nasty Quotes 1 ❤
      “Dracula is far more interesting for its influence upon us than it can be in itself, given Stoker’s inferior gifts as a writer. Rather like Poe’s dreadfully stylized stories, Dracula verges upon myth because it has contaminated our nightmares. Stoker inaugurates our sordid dilemma by suggesting that there are two choices only: become a vampire, or transform yourself into a sublimely violent murderer of vampires.” Harold Bloom ( ❤ )
    • ❤ Nasty Quotes 2 ❤
      “He is a master of the commonplace style in which clichés flow as if they were impelled by the same pressure as genius. I don’t say this lightly. There is a semi-heroic, Everyman quality about his intense command of the mediocre … When such a man, just once, is thoroughly afraid, the charade stops and what you get is Dracula.” Ludovic Flow
    • Christopher Frayling. Dracula: The man behind the cape
    • Dracula’s Castle returned to its ancestral owners 60 years after being seized by communists
    • ❤ Nasty Quotes 3 ❤ “Bram Stoker must be turning over in his grave”, imdb comment on Coppola’s Dracula, with, quelle nightmare, Keanu Reeves and Wynona Rider. The mind boggles.
    • Dracula bites back! Dacre Stoker, great grand-nephew of Bram, worries about Dracula’s reputation.
    • There was actually one intriguing element in Dracula: the geographical descriptions in the book. Thanks to some friends in the English Language Café I got a better sight on Dracula countryVarna, the Donau Delta, Bulgaria and Rumania, Galați, Vlad the Impaler & the history of the Austro-Hungarian rule and the Turkish occupation. So with the good advice I found on this excellent blog-for-teachers, I started My Own Dracula Map 🙂
    • drakula, drakula

      drakula, du schlimmer,
      komm nicht auf mein zimmer,
      tu mama nicht schrecken,
      nicht uns kinder necken,
      bleib´ bloß schön zu haus´,
      bei der flebebermaus.“

      H.C.Artmann

    • Denn die Todten reiten schnell …

      The sentence „denn die Todten reiten schnell“ (“for the dead travel fast”), famously quoted from the ballad Lenore by Gottfried August Bürger. The name Lenore is also used in The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe(Wikipedia). I tried to read Lenore. I really tried.

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    Nimrud :: Woman in the Window

    A sacred prostitute?

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    Excavated by A.H. Layard. Carved ivory. Phoenician, 9th-8th century BCE, from Nimrud (northern Iraq)

    It is often speculated — for no good reasons that I can see — that she is a prostitute, sacred or not, connected with Astarte or Ishtar. Trying to find out more.

    North Korea and Cultural Theory

    This week I watched astonishedly how astonished journalists and politicians groaned and moaned and couldn’t believe their goggling eyes. Gefundenes Fressen for the cultural anthropologist.

    Our thinking framework clearly doesn’t apply in North Korea. I’ve seen decent and usually objective journalists unable to control their scorn — or their risorius muscles, for that matter. The authenticity of the feelings of the North Koreans is continuously being questioned. Can these people be “happy“?, concerned reporters wonder unisono. Too ridiculous to even contemplate, says the Daily Mail.

    Hallucinant images, ungraspable by western eyes, journalists and politicians yelp. “Il sont completement des robots!” gasps a hysterical-indignant Belgia politician on mission, holding a protective arm around the shoulders of a child.
    At least 4.000 asylum seekers, men, women and children, are living and sleeping at this very moment in the freezing cold of the streets of Brussels. A democratically elected, free western government is unable to find them a warm sleeping place for the winter.

    Hysterics, another favourite. Is this display of emotions forced at gunpoint? Or is it the result of 50 years of brainwashing?
    What we see is public mourning and it is, I suspect, not so very different to the emotions shown by the British after Princess Diana’s death. Diana, too, was the centre of a huge personality cult, carefully cultivated by the mass media industry.

    I’ve heard the regime called, sloppily, fascist — I rather thought it was communist. Kim Il-Sung’s own personalised brand of Marxism-Leninism, in fact, as differentiated from Chinese and Soviet varieties.

    The regime’s Propaganda Department demonises the USA, politicians teeth-gnash. Truly epic times we live in, then – a mythical struggle between the “Axis of Evil” and the United Demon Capitalist States.
    Not to mention that some of the beefs North Koreans have with the USA are far from mythical.

    I’ve heard it said that we, in the free West, live in post-ideological times. Media reports about North Korea shows us the limitations of our freedom of thinking, the restrictions of our neo-liberal ideology.

    And exhibit a clear case of not being able to see the beam in your own eye.

    The dehumanisation of North Koreans is well-nigh perfect – they are the absolut Others. Aliens, brainwashed robots, ruthlessly suppressed and indoctrinated by the propaganda machine. Their feelings are bogus – their art is kitsch pur. Kathleen Taylor discusses the use of the term “brainwashing” in this context in a very interesting article. And, literarily speaking: I find the poetic myths surrounding North Korean leaders disarming and gracious, with their crane birds and new-born stars gathering around the Dear Leader’s birth (now what was this other miraculous-birth-story featuring a star?!?). And the streets without cars, the carefully staged but empty hotels, the theatralicity of the enormous buildings and colourful mass spectacles remind me of the assiduous, devoted and almost compulsive movie-going of Americans during the Great Depression.

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    Peter Tetteroo, a Dutch journalist who made a documentary on the country, remarked:
    “Everything that is to us normal, pleasing and comfortable, everything that constitues a logical and right society, doesn’t apply in North-Korea. I was absolutely desorientated by my own feelings. It is fascinating to be in a place where your frame of reference is absolutely inapplicable.
    I couldn’t trust my own feelings.”

    That is exactly the point. Feelings are not a very helpful guide to understanding another culture.

    “Culture is a system of meaningful symbols,” as Clifford Geertz had it. Before getting hysterical about North Korean hysterics, the ethnographer must try to give a “thick description” of social discourse and cultural actions. And she must include her own role and methods in the ethnographic description and interpretation.

    “Understanding a people’s culture exposes their normalness without reducing their particularity.” Peter Tetteroo was forced to show reality as the officials of the North Korean regime want to represent it. In filming, he adhered strictly to these rules, thus creating an exemplary basis for a “thick description”: : interesting, because it is a first order interpretation of the North Korean culture-web. For the same reason “Gone with the Wind” is, besides being a smashing good read, an extremely interesting document. As are the Edgar Wallace’s “chinks” novels, with their unabashed sinophobia. Of which we have clearly not yet rid ourselves by a long chalk – see also this excellent article by Anna Chen.

    The voice-over commentary in the documentary – and its music – warrants a study in western bias.

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    Are the North Koreans winking, twitching – or parodying winks? Is what we see esthetically pleasing – or kitsch? How are we in any position to decide? “Kitsch is the absence of shit” wrote Kundera, preeminent writer on communist unhappiness. He certainly has a point, but that is not the point. Or is it? The CIA calls North-Korea the “black hole of diplomacy”, but there seems to be no doubt that North Korea is a dictature of the worst kind. Concentration camps for political dissidents, hundreds of thousands of people dying of hunger and disease, people in the countryside eating treebark and clay are being reported on.

    Very few first order interpretations of North Korea are available. “We received permission to travel across the country under strict supervision, and the only conclusion that we were able to draw at the end of this week was that we now understood even less of what goes on in this country” says Tetteroo. Unfortunately it is at this moment impossible to let North Koreans speak for themselves. Untill they can, we must be extremely cautious in how we describe this other culture.

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    Clifford Geertz: Cultural Anthropology. The Interpretation of Cultures.

    Toy Goddesses: The End of the Matriarchal Myth?

    From: The Daily Mail


    Ancient figurines were toys not mother goddess statues, say experts as 9,000-year-old artefacts are discovered

    By David Derbyshire
    Amazing artefacts: Many of the figurines resemble animals like sheep and goats

    They were carved out of stone and squeezed out of clay 9,000 years ago, at the very dawn of civilisation. Now archaeologists say these astonishing Stone Age statues could have been the world’s first educational toys.

    Nearly 2,000 figures have been unearthed at Catalhoyuk in Turkey – the world’s oldest known town – over the last few decades. The most recent were found just last week. Made by Neolithic]] farmers thousands of years before the creation of the pyramids or Stonehenge, they depict tiny cattle, crude sheep and flabby people.

    In the 1960s, some researchers claimed the more rotund figures were of a mysterious large breasted and big bellied “mother goddess”, prompting a feminist tourism industry that thrives today. But modern day experts disagree. They say the “mother goddess” figures – which were buried among the rubbish of the Stone Age town – are unlikely to be have been religious icons.

    Many of the figures thought to have been women in the 1960s, are just as likely to be men.

    Archaeologist Prof Lynn Meskell, of Stanford University, said: “The majority are cattle or sheep and goats. They could be representatives of animals they were dealing with – and they could have been teaching aides. “All were found in the trash – and they were not in niches or platforms or placed in burials.”

    Out of the 2,000 figurines dug up at the site, less than five per cent are female, she told the British science Festival in Surrey University, Guildford. “These are things that were made and used on a daily basis,” she said. “People carried them around and discarded them.”

    Catalhoyuk is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world. Established around 7,000 BC, it was home to 5,000 people living in mud brick and plaster houses. Their buildings were crammed so tightly together, the inhabitants clambered over the roofs and used ladders to get into their homes. The town dwellers were early farmers who had domesticated a handful of plants and kept wild cattle for meat and milk. Cattle horns were incorporated into the walls of their homes.

    The town contains the oldest murals – paintings on plastered walls. Unlike later towns, there is no obvious hierarchy – no homes for priests or leaders, no temples and no public spaces. The dead were buried in spaces under homes, rather than in cemeteries. Some researchers believe it was an equalitarian society.

    The town survived for around 2,000 years. It is not known what happened to its inhabitants, but they may have been killed by invaders or driven away by the loss of nearby farmland.

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    I also recommend the book:

    The Myth of the Matriarchal Prehistory: Why an Invented Past Won’t Give Women a Future